George DelPrete, a principal at Grant Thornton and the director of the Federal CIO Survey from the Professional Services Council, said these different viewpoints impact federal IT initiatives.
He said, for example, the online survey found respondents didn’t realize or fully understand the growing cyber threats their agency faces.
DelPrete said another example came around IT priorities.
“75 percent of the CIOs that we talked to said dev/ops was a priority. That number was much, much lower in the online responses, 28 percent of those respondents felt dev/ops was a priority for the agency,” he said on Ask the CIO. “Another area where we saw contrast was the percentage of projects in agencies that are using agile. CIOs said more than half of their projects were using agile. For the online respondents, they felt less than half of IT projects were using agile.”
Grant Thornton and PSC surveyed 313 federal IT workers online and talked to 23 CIOs or deputy CIOs in person for the study.
Cybersecurity continues to be the biggest priority for all federal IT workers despite the different responses to how big of a threat the government is facing.
DelPrete said when it comes to the cyber threat, respondents were most concerned about aging or old systems, followed by human error, malware and phishing attacks.
“As we talked to the CIOs and asked them what they are doing about this, I think a renewed emphasis, and it seemed like some improved results, as it relates to cybersecurity awareness training,” he said. “Many felt that the agency was a little bit more effective in identifying and mitigating cyber risk today than they were a year ago, largely as a result around the dialogue they have and the training.”
The survey showed simple changes like requiring employees to answer cybersecurity awareness questions before they can log on to their computer, or creating mock phishing campaigns to help employees recognize potential threats.
DelPrete said the top concern around cyber, aging systems and applications, is directly connected to the focus on IT modernization over the last few years.
Respondents say they also are worried about attacks coming in from social media, which was new this year.
One area where online and in-person respondents agreed was around the adoption of cloud computing.
The survey showed both sets of respondents believe their agency’s maturity in using cloud services has increased over the last year.
For example, last year only 5 percent of the CIOs rated their agency as very mature in the use of cloud. This year, 19 percent of CIOs gave their agency the top rating.
“In the online survey, a number of folks were not sure if cloud would result in cost savings, so I think the jury is still out if cloud will be a cheaper way,” DelPrete said.
Along those same lines, CIOs and IT employees say the push for agile is paying off.
“Agile adoption continues to be something that is used extensively in agencies and they are seeing a number of benefits,” DelPrete said. “The one thing I thought was interesting in the survey is we asked about what’s still challenging as it relates to using agile, and they said getting the IT practitioners engaged with the people who know the business process. It’s a bit of a culture change to build things that way.”
DelPrete said the survey showed agencies still are struggling with how best to measure the effectiveness of agile.
DelPrete said agencies should take two big concepts from this survey. First, the budget situation for CIOs continue to be a challenge and it’s preventing them from modernizing legacy systems, and that needs to be addressed.
“As a community we need to come up with more creative ideas to find ways to navigate through that to get better people with the right kinds of skills that are needed to effectively run and implement the technology in the federal government,” DelPrete said.