Oman has good relations with Western countries as well as Iran — a key ally of the Syrian government — and has often played a mediating role in regional disputes.
In December, the United Arab Emirates reopened its embassy in Syria’s capital for the first time in seven years. Bahrain followed days later by resuming work at its embassy in Damascus, but no other Arab countries have taken similar steps.
Most Arab countries in the Gulf supported the opposition against Assad. Arab countries have sanctioned Damascus and condemned Assad for using overwhelming military force and failing to negotiate with the opposition.