Are you a lifer? Learn to blend FERS and your TSP!

While Mike Causey is away, please enjoy this column from the archives.

Back in the day working for/retiring from the government was a piece of cake. Sort of.

You got a job, stuck with it 20, 30 or 40 years. Then retired under the old Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) program.

Your annuity was for life. Same for your spouse. The monthly annuity was largely protected from inflation. And based on length-of-service and salary. Easy. If you were a lifer. But most aren’t! Fewer than half the people who join government retire from it. Maybe less than that!

The problem with the old CSRS program, Congress decided, was that it cost the taxpayers too much money. And was designed for lifers, even though most people who take government jobs don’t stay long enough to qualify for an annuity. And their government service didn’t count toward Social Security.

So, Congress designed the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) program. FERS has a less generous retirement benefit. But it has a more generous TSP option, with a 5% match. And its portable for the majority of people who are in-and-out of government with its TSP and Social Security components. And it covers members of Congress, so it’s better than most in the private sector. But FERS is a hands-on operation. Your hands!

CSRS was an automatic pilot vehicle. Maybe the best nonexecutive retirement plan in the country. But it’s gone. And you are still here. Probably under FERS. Period!

FERS requires some-to-considerable thought and work from those who want to maximize their total retirement benefits. By some estimates, the TSP will provide anywhere from one-third to one-half of the pre-tax income to folks retiring under it.

So we called on Abraham Grungold. He’s a full-time fed, part-time financial coach who has done very, very well with his TSP. His motto is “Knowledge is Power regarding your FERS and TSP.” He wrote the following basic tip sheet. This may be a keeper:

Federal employees are given documents from their respective agencies that are required to understand human resource policies, travel regulations, ethics policies and federal regulations. In addition, they need to recognize workplace fears and cyber security threats. However, federal employees need to seek out the information on their own pertaining to their FERS retirement and Thrift Savings Plan (TSP).

So, how can federal employees acquire the basic information to help them comprehend their FERS retirement and grow their TSP? You do not need to spend an exorbitant amount of time to feel secure with these topics. It is never too early in your federal career to start exposing yourself to the vast amount of available information found on the OPM website and the TSP website. It is beneficial for you to familiarize yourself with the basics, so you do not feel overwhelmed with TSP financial decisions as well as reaching certain FERS retirement milestones. Below are my top five sources that I find useful when I research FERS and TSP issues. Some are free and some require purchasing a book or a membership.

  1. TSP newsletter: TSP performance and changes. Free. (
  2. TSP webinars: TSP informative topics. Free. (
  3. Federal News Network: FERS and TSP articles. Free. (
  4. Fed Week-FERS Retirement Planning Guide. $13.95 (
  5. AARP newsletter-IRS and Medicare updates and regulatory changes. For ages 50 and above. Membership fee. (

My clients have many questions regarding their FERS retirement and their TSP account. Each person has their own individual needs and concerns. For example, a single person will have different needs compared to a married couple with children. You need to factor in all the external variables for a plan of action to have a successful FERS retirement and TSP. On the long road to retirement, many of these decisions can empower you and add hundreds or even thousands of dollars to your retirement.

Find my website at Abraham Grungold – AG Financial Services or my Facebook page at FERS Federal Employees.

Nearly Useless Factoid

By David Thornton

The first speeding ticket ever was issued to Walter Arnold in Kent, England, for driving 8 mph. The speed limit at the time was 2 mph. A constable on a bicycle pulled him over after a five mile chase, and cited him for operating a “locomotive without a horse,” doing so with fewer than three people, exceeding the speed limit, and not having his name and address posted on the vehicle.

Source: Historic UK

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Jan 21, 2022 Close Change YTD*
L Income 23.1038 -0.0845 5.42%
L 2025 11.8829 -0.0822 9.75%
L 2030 41.7659 -0.4088 12.37%
L 2035 12.5242 -0.1347 13.43%
L 2040 47.3239 -0.556 14.51%
L 2045 12.9434 -0.1631 15.40%
L 2050 28.3195 -0.3815 16.34%
L 2055 13.8821 -0.2317 19.90%
L 2060 13.8819 -0.2317 19.90%
L 2065 13.8818 -0.2316 19.90%
G Fund 16.7517 0.0007 1.38%
F Fund 20.5326 0.0627 -1.46%
C Fund 66.4328 -1.2799 28.68%
S Fund 73.0036 -1.7193 12.45%
I Fund 38.2607 -0.4114 11.45%
Closing price updated at approx 6pm ET each business day. More at
* YTD data is updated on the last day of the month.