Any country that qualified for the World Cup and refused to play would face punishment from FIFA, including a fine and ban from trying to qualify for the next tournament.
Giving up a place in Qatar would likely mean self-expulsion from the 2026 World Cup in the United States, Canada and Mexico. That tournament will have 48 teams, with 16 places going to European teams instead of 13.
FIFA has not yet published regulations for the 2022 tournament, though rules for the 2018 edition called for imposing a fine of at least 250,000 Swiss francs ($290,000) on a federation which withdrew its team up to 30 days before the start. Teams that pulled out in the month before kickoff or during the tournament would be fined at least 500,000 Swiss francs ($580,000).
In 2010, Qatar won the right to host the World Cup in a contentious FIFA vote that sparked corruption investigations into the entire bidding process. Evidence was not found by FIFA to warrant stripping Qatar of the hosting rights.
The natural gas-rich emirate has spent tens of billions of dollars to build hotels, a new transport system and lavish stadiums to cope with staging the event.
Denmark beat Austria 1-0 Tuesday to earn a spot in the tournament.
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