A steady march of continuing resolutions over the past decade has frustrated leaders in many agencies, as they struggle to make important decisions without certainty about their budgets. But Congress’ slowness in completing appropriations work also might have provided a disguised blessing to help small agencies prepare for potential negative effects sequestration could put on their workforce.
The regular flow of CRs has repeatedly forced small agencies to prepare worst-case-scenario plans, which include furloughs and layoffs, said Raymond Limon, who recently stepped down as co-chairman of the Small Agency Human Resources Council.
“Over the past three years, it seems like agencies have had to develop those plans, and have them prepared to be implemented in the last two budget cycles,” he said. “So in some ways, agencies are getting good, unfortunately, at planning for gaps in funding that” could adversely impact their workforces.
Congress passed the most recent CR Saturday, buying itself six months to work on appropriations bills for the new fiscal year beginning Oct. 1. But the temporary funding measure doesn’t do much, if anything, to allay longstanding frustrations of chief human capital officers and other agency leaders as they try to execute government programs.
Workforce cuts as last resort
Sequestration would force in across-the-board spending cuts worth $1.2 trillion over 10 years. Unless Congress steps in, the reductions in 2013 will total $109 billion.
First, he said, “We could look at the contracts that are being done within the agency to find out what are flexibilities in delaying payments or requesting … a pause on the services. We could look at temporary employees, and moving up the expiration dates on those.”
Limon said his agency is expecting additional guidance from the Office of Management and Budget on the likelihood and consequences of sequestration.
A senior administration official, who spoke to reporters earlier this month on background, said the White House had not prepared an analysis of the number of federal workers that could be furloughed because of sequestration.
“Clearly, if sequester were to occur, this would have a significant impact on the federal workforce,” the official said.
But Limon said he hopes for the best.
“I am a hopeless optimist. I am positive that [the lame-duck Congress] will advance the nation’s needs above their political desires and aims and do what’s best. We’ve come to these, if you will, showdowns in the past, and cooler heads have prevailed,” he said.
Limon said agencies are working to identify skeleton crews that could keep mission-essential functions in operation, in case they’re forced to furlough or lay off employees.
“I do feel like, the idea of necessity being the mother of invention, that we can stick to our statutory prerogatives of what we’re required to do and ensure that there’s a workforce in place to maintain that”, he said. And though “the services and the day-to-day responses back to the communities would certainly suffer, I think that, you know, [if] push comes to shove, we would be in a position to identify a core network of employees to continue the work and … may have to furlough the remaining.”