Scientists working at 16 agencies report that increased political pressure and shrinking workforces under the Trump administration have limited their ability to do their jobs.
The Union of Concerned Scientists, together with Iowa State University, last week released a report based on its survey of more than 63,000 federal scientific experts.
“In many cases, administration officials have clamped down on public communication and retaliated against experts who share information on politically contentious issues,” the report said. “Some officials have overruled the recommendations of scientific experts, dismissed independent science advisors, and hindered data collection and public access to scientific information.”
Governmentwide, 79 percent of respondents reported workforce reductions over the last year, due
to staff departures, retirements or agency hiring freezes. Of those, 82 percent said those reductions made it more difficult for their agencies to fulfill their scientific missions.
“Federal scientists are doing the best they can, but many report that they lack the resources and institutional support to inform agency decisions most effectively,” the report said.
The survey also found that:
20 percent of respondents identified agency political appointees or the White House as a top barrier to science-based decision-making at their agencies.
50 percent of respondents said “political interests” hindered their ability to make science-based decisions at their agencies.
31 percent of respondents said senior agency management, with a background in the industries they now regulate, impacted decision-making.
Nearly a third of EPA scientists who took the survey agreed that political hires and the White House had impacted agency policies under the Trump administration.
“EPA employees [have to] undergo a significantly higher degree of review and multiple levels of approval to get information out to the public,” one EPA respondent said. “This task is time-consuming and leads to a time lag for providing timely and important information to the communities within our nation.”
President Donald Trump’s fiscal 2019 budget plan calls for a 20 percent reduction in EPA staff, even though the agency’s workforce has shrunk to its lowest point in 20 years.
Office of Management and Budget data shows the EPA shrank its workforce by more than 1,000 employees between December 2016 and March 2018.
As of March, it has a workforce of 14,645 employees.
In that same timeframe, the National Park Service has lost nearly 1,200 employees (17,872 total workforce) and the U.S. Geological Survey has lost more than 500 employees (7,809 total workforce).
The report also highlighted instances when scientists reported censorship, or self-censorship, based on pressure from political leadership.
The National Park Service, for example, reported the highest rate of climate change censorship.
“We’ve been told to avoid using words like climate change in internal project proposals and cooperative agreements,” one NPS respondent wrote. “Although some projects can be adequately described without using words like climate change, some are harder to do so, and it puts a pall on work involving climate change, which is central to managing the parks.”
A survey-taker from the U.S. Geological Survey said political appointees now require review and approval of all research grants over $50,000.
“This impedes new and ongoing research. They react negatively to any surprises; hence, even positive research findings often are not publicized. They want to know who is funding and who is a partner on every research project. They want to see a list of all proposed publications well in advance,” the USGS employee wrote.
A scientist from an unspecified energy agency said his colleagues have limited the use of certain words and phrases in their research.
“Although there are staff that work hard to maintain the core work and mission amidst ever-changing guidance on messaging (what words trigger leadership attention), it has become overly burdensome and it would be understandable for staff to, in essence, give up and limit scientifically sound work to avoid conflicts,” the scientist stated. “In my opinion, it is not the majority that continues to creatively think of how to maintain scientific integrity given the current environment, but rather takes the path of least resistance and I honestly cannot blame anyone who does.”
However, several recent hires who joined the EPA around 2015-2016 had also left the agency.
“They thought the grass was greener on the other side of the street, in a different job in the private sector or elsewhere in the federal government,” Mikulka said.
At House Appropriations Committee hearing on April 27, Rep. Marcy Kaptur (D-Ohio) highlighted several critical workforce vacancies in Region 5.
“In that region, there are zero hydrogeologists, who are the people who determine how the toxins may spread and endanger other citizens. There are zero civil investigators, who find out who is responsible for these billion-dollar messes that we have to clean up, and requires them to fund the cleanup,” Kaptur said.
At the committee hearing former EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt told Kaptur that the Office of Management and Budget lifted an agencywide hiring freeze specifically for Region 5 employees.
Since then, the region has made several new hires.
“I appreciated this will not backfill every vacancy that has occurred, however, as I shared previously, based on the agency’s budget and taking into account the uncertainty of FY 2019, we have to be strategic as we prioritize our hires,” Stepp said.
However, Mikulka expressed doubt as to whether the 20 new hires would do anything but keep up with the current rate of attrition.
“I think we’re going to be back to a zero-sum game, even if we hire 20 people,” he said.