Daniel Fiorino, director of the Center for Environmental Policy at American University, authored a report on agency progress for the IBM Center for the Business of Government, “Implementing Sustainability in Federal Agencies”.
He joined the Federal Drive to discuss what guidance the government has issued to help agencies implement the executive order. More important, are the guidelines working?
While the the executive order built upon previous measures, because it fully embraced the sustainability concept, laid out direct plans and expanded the reach of federal agencies, the “green memo” was a major departure” from earlier efforts, Fiorino found in the report.
“The order, itself, is very specific and prescriptive with lots of percentage reduction goals, so it sort of put them on the track,” he told Federal News Radio.
But the order’s emphasis on quantitative measures could present its own challenges.
“Establishing the baselines and doing the calculations is difficult because some of these agencies have lots and lots of installations, very diverse operations and so on,” Fiorino said. “So just keeping score … is difficult. But I think they’re moving in the right direction.”
However, he also noted some speed bumps, namely, a “mismatch” between the memo’s expectations and agencies’ budgetary abilities to implement them.
“Sustainability means investing money,” Fiorino said and, then, over time saving it — a manifestation of the age-old adage of spending money to save money.
“The problem in the federal government and many government agencies is we’re very linked in to annual budgeting cycles. So we need good ways to make bigger investments now that will pay off in the future.”
For agencies looking to adopt such sustainability measures, they often need to look no further than the private sector.
In his report, Fiorino said agencies could learn from private companies, such as Johnson & Johnson, Intel and 3M, which have made successful green transitions.
“The federal government should look for opportunities to learn from these experiences through benchmarking, sharing of best practices, and collaborative workshops and conferences,” he wrote in the report.