Giant COLA: Mixed blessing!

Official confirmation that the January cost of living adjustment (COLA) for federal retirees will be 5.9% is good news. Up to a point! It is the biggest catchup-with-inflation adjustment in more than two decades. And its good news for the majority of former feds or their surviving spouses. Also for people who get Social Security benefits or are retired military.

But a COLA this size carries a double message. First, that inflation — which has been moderate for the past ten years — is back. The last big COLA for civil service retirees was 5.8% in 2012, and was part of the recovery from the Great Recession of 2008-2009. Inflation means higher gasoline prices and that translates into hikes for food, transportation, energy. In fact just about everything. Last January, retirees who got a full COLA received a 1.3% increase in their monthly annuity benefits. Before taxes, of course. The second downside to the inflation catchup program is that not everybody will get the full increase. And some will get nothing, meaning even more belt-tightening!

People retired under the federal employees retirement system (FERS), which replaced the CSRS plan in the 80s, get a diet-COLA if the rise in inflation exceeds 2%. Its good for the majority of former feds. And for people who get Social Security or military retired pay. Both groups, CSRS and FERS retirees, get the same amount if the COLA is 2% or less. But if inflation exceeds that, the FERS retirees get one percentage point less. For them, that means the January COLA will be 4.9%. Over time it can dramatically reduce the amount of money FERS retirees have to spend over a retirement that could (check your local obit page!) last as long as their working lives.

Finally, the big losers are private sector retirees. The majority of current private sector workers aren’t covered by any sort of employer-sponsored retirement plan. They, even more than FERS retirees, have to rely on Social Security and 401k plans to provide a retirement nest egg. In recent years, many employers have dropped their pension plans for new workers. And almost none provide any protection against inflation. Somebody in one of those companies who retired in 2000 on a pension of $600 would, today, still be drawing the same amount.

For the history of COLAs in the 21st century, check out this chart. It shows the long term impact of the diet-COLA feature as it impacts current and future FERS retirees:

2021 1.3 1.3
2020 1.6 1.6
2019 2.8 2.0
2018 2.0 2.0
2017 0.3 0.3
2016 0 0
2015 1.7 1.7
2014 1.5 1.5
2013 1.7 1.7
2012 3.6 2.6
2011 0 0
2010 0 0
2009 5.8 4.8
2008 2.3 2.0
2007 3.3 2.3
2006 4.1 3.1
2005 2.7 2.0
2004 2.1 2.0
2003 1.4 1.4
2002 2.6 2.0
2001 3.5 2.5
2000 2.4 2.0

Nearly Useless Factoid

By Alazar Moges

The City of Keene, New Hampshire holds the record for most lit jack-o’-lanterns on display with 30,581. The city achieved the record on 19 October 2013. Keene was the original record holder in the category and has broken the record 8 times since.

Source: Guinness World Records

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Oct 20, 2021 Close Change YTD*
L Income 23.2998 0.0193 3.52%
L 2025 12.1025 0.0192 6.40%
L 2030 42.9366 0.0928 7.92%
L 2035 12.9198 0.0306 8.58%
L 2040 48.9864 0.1261 9.26%
L 2045 13.4425 0.037 9.83%
L 2050 29.4999 0.0866 10.41%
L 2055 14.5857 0.053 12.65%
L 2060 14.5855 0.0529 12.65%
L 2065 14.5854 0.053 12.65%
G Fund 16.6861 0.0007 0.99%
F Fund 20.7869 -0.0201 -1.40%
C Fund 68.2821 0.2501 15.90%
S Fund 87.3318 0.3964 11.66%
I Fund 39.3785 0.1307 8.56%
Closing price updated at approx 6pm ET each business day. More at
* YTD data is updated on the last day of the month.