In fact, OMB will provide guidance for the 2012 budget that would require agencies to move to the cloud for specific commodity services, such as e-mail or storage, Kundra said.
Kundra said he’s driving a three-part cloud strategy starting with consumer-based platforms agencies can take advantage of like what GSA is doing.
“We want to make sure agencies don’t default to the traditional way of buying IT,” he said. “The traditional approach to buying IT is to go through the process where agencies believe they have to create custom solutions. GSA’s move is a first step in this new foundation we are building. There are countless cases I could cite where we have seen this shift in thinking about how we buy IT. It’s much better to provision IT where you are turning on services than to engage in this long term custom IT process. A lot of agencies have lost their way and they are becoming IT departments instead of focusing on their mission.”
And GSA knows agencies and vendors are paying a lot of attention, especially around the security and private of Google’s cloud.
Industry sources have expressed concern about where the Google data center is located and whether it’s located outside the United States.
GSA modified the request for quotes late in the response period to alter the requirement that the data center must reside in the continental United States. Vendor sources say that was specifically for Google.
GSA did not respond for a request for comment on why it modified the RFQ late in the process.
It wrote in the modification that “As more information about Software as a Service has emerged since we issued our Request for Proposal, we have gained a better understanding of the level of maturity of this new and exciting environment. Our primary concern was and continues to be for the security of our data. And, while GSA prefers a location within the United States, we recognize we may have equated location with security and excluded other factors that could also ensure the security of our data, which unduly restricted offerors.”
Casey Coleman, GSA’s CIO, wouldn’t confirm where the data center is located, but did say it was not in India.
“Security is a paramount concern in GSA’s decision and in every case information security and data security are much more than just about the physical location of the data center,” she said. “Cloud offers considerable efficiencies. Our vendor team will comply with all applicable requirements for security.”
She adds that GSA will monitor the security of the data centers and GSA owns all data in the cloud.
“In the contract it stipulates that data can’t be used or released and all key individuals must go through background checks,” Coleman said. “We also put in the contract that should GSA end the contract, the vendors are required to remove from their all government data from their servers.”
PV Puvvada, the vice president and managing partner for civilian agencies at Unisys Federal Systems, also wouldn’t confirm if the servers were in the continental U.S.
“As a smart security policy, we don’t talk publicly about the location,” he said. “We are working closely with GSA and they will have close monitoring and insight into what we will do to meet their requirements. I’m pretty sure GSA can take advantage of cloud and make sure it’s secure and reliable.”
Puvvada added that GSA put good security requirements in the RFP and Unisys and its partners will meet all of them.
Security is only one area where agencies will be watching what GSA does. The data migration and the overall user experience also will be closely monitored by others in government.
“There is a lot of interest on the part of other agencies,” said Dave McClure, GSA’s associate administrator for citizen services and innovative technologies. “Agencies always are looking for leaders and during this period of developing lessons learned, we are happy to be in this position.”
McClure said GSA’s experience also will influence a governmenwide effort to develop a blanket purchase agreement for e-mail-as-a-service. GSA issued a SmartBuy notice on FedBizOpps.gov in late October announcing their plan.
McClure said an intergovernmental cloud working group should have the request for proposals out by February and an award made later in 2011.
“There are a lot of agencies interested in getting that BPA on market so they can consider cloud e-mail,” he said.
Coleman said she’s received several notes from other CIOs congratulating her on the award.
GSA hired Unisys, Google, Tempus Nova, and Acumen Solutions under a contract worth $6.7 million over five years.
“GSA selected Google Apps for Government that is FISMA certified at the moderate level,” said Puvvada. “It will replace their legacy Lotus Notes system that they own, which is an environment that hasn’t kept up to needs of its employees.”
Puvvada said the more than 17,000 GSA employees and contractors with e-mail addresses will see little difference on the front end of the system. They will be able to keep their current e-mail addresses and all their data-contacts, calendar and archived e-mails.
“The beauty of the cloud is there are applications people already are familiar with so there is a not a whole lot of change if you are using G-Mail or Google Apps or any other platform,” he said. “These cloud-based new technologies are easy to learn and easy to get on. From an end user perspective, this is a big step forward in terms of the flexibilities it provides to take advantage of all the features.”
Coleman said the flexibility and the ability to easily upgrade and add new features were major reasons GSA decided to go with a cloud model.
“We expect a number of benefits including resiliency, an immediate upgrade to new functionality, a cost reduction nearly 50 percent from our in-house e-mail system and an improved access to mobile tools for our employees,” she said.
Coleman said the biggest challenge is the change management for employees. She said there has to be training and employee education about timing and expectations.
Puvvada agreed with Coleman that change management is the biggest challenge. He said Unisys subcontractor Tempus Nova has software to ease the data migration.
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