The Internal Revenue Service has lofty goals for the next five years and beyond. But the agency’s Future State Plan will fail if it continues to base its decisions off inaccurate assumptions about what taxpayers want and need, the National Taxpayer Advocate warned.
“For many years and in many areas, the IRS has made more services more difficult to use, and then touted the declining usage of that service as a basis to cut the service further and eliminate it entirely,” National Taxpayer Advocate Nina Olson said in her testimony before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Government Operations April 15.
At the crux of Olson’s concerns is the IRS’ plan to begin using more online taxpayer accounts and eliminate more in-person and over the phone services.
“The IRS right now is testing a version of the online account with IRS senior management and non-bargaining unit employees, so these are people who are fairly sophisticated financially,” she said. “Fifty percent of those volunteers could not get through the online account the first time around.”
Olson said the shift to more online accounts will get rid of some phone calls, perhaps two phone calls out of every transaction between the taxpayer and IRS customer service representative.
“The online account will be very helpful for certain kinds of things,” Olson said in an interview on the Federal Drive with Tom Temin. “But most people want to talk to the IRS. Well, they don’t want to talk to the IRS, but if they have an IRS problem, they will want to talk to a live human being to make sure that somebody has heard them, that they have the ability to ask questions and get answers back.”
Citing tight budgetary constraints, the IRS will soon stop accepting walk-in appointments at its taxpayer assistance centers (TACs) by the end of the year, Olson said. And it will no longer accept payments from taxpayers who visit an assistance center in person if they don’t schedule an appointment in advance.
“Is that not insane?” said subcommittee Chairman Mark Meadows (R-N.C.)
Olson agreed. In the future, the IRS should use online accounts as a supplement to the in-person services it already offers, she said.
“The IRS needs to do a better job when it makes these decisions of analyzing the consequences of these decisions and not just look at, ‘We’re saving money, because we’re not handling these in-person contacts that are $60 per contact,’ she said. “You may have spent $60, but you might have brought in $5,000 by serving that taxpayer in that walk-in site. That’s not the analysis that’s happening.”
Overall, the IRS is doing a better job answering the phone this tax filing season, Olson said. Congress gave the agency an additional $290 million this fiscal year to help the IRS hire more temporary employees during tax season.
But six consecutive years of budget cuts have forced the IRS to trim resources in other places, and the improved customer service taxpayers experience now on the phones will likely disappear once the filing season ends, Olson said.
“The same people who answer the phones are also the people who work through the correspondence,” she said. “This time … over half of the correspondence is aged, meaning that the employees didn’t get to responding to it in our time frames.”
Shifting more of its services online also raises concerns about the IRS’ ability to secure and protect taxpayer data. Considering some of the agency’s IT systems date back to the Kennedy administration, Olson said she isn’t confident current IRS IT could handle the heavy lift.
“Our technology is so far behind today,” she said. “We’re just talking about a customer account, but the data from that customer account has to come from about 200 different case management systems. There are employees today who can’t see into this system when they’re trying to talk to a taxpayer on the phone and you have to call somebody else to get the answer to that.”
The agency is still struggling to get its Get Transcript system back online after hackers attempted to steal old tax returns and personal information from as many as 334,000 people.
“The IRS can’t expect to be a technology leader out there,” James Buttonow, chairman of the Electronic Tax Administration Advisory Committee, told the committee. “There’s many other companies and many other developers who are technology leaders.”
He described the agency’s relationship with industry as “tenuous” and encouraged Congress to help the IRS strengthen that collaboration.
The IRS took a few steps in the right direction when it established the Security Summit with private tax companies last fall, Buttonow said.
Congress should also ask IRS leadership to explain the details of its Future State plan as soon as possible, Olson said. But the committee should focus on the future, not the controversial topics they’ve raised in the past, she said.